Reports & Data Centre

Economic Data Centre

Find information on the city of Toronto and regional economies, including data on key indicators such as employment characteristics and real estate activity, as well as social, financial and demographic characteristics.

ExpandToronto Data at a Glance 2016

 City of TorontoToronto Region"Region" Defined As
Population (July 2016) 2,876,095 6,242,273 CMA
Land Area (km2) 630 5,903 CMA
Labour Force 1,567,354 3,455,780 CMA
Unemployment Rate 7.6% 7.0% CMA
Office Space (ft2) 121,495,807 175,834,603 GTA
Industrial Space (ft2) 250,185,022 781,298,639 GTA
Retail Space (ft2) 78,491,107 177,204,465 CMA
Number of Businesses 102,259 225,894 CMA
Gross Domestic Product (in 2007 $bil) $168.0 $313.1 CMA
Retail Sales ($bil) N/A $80.4 CMA
Average Income (Pop. 15+) $47,617 $46,082 CMA
Average Household Income $98,174 $104,378 CMA
Total Annual Building Permits (in $000s) 7,255,690 18,157,445 CMA
  • Residential (in $000s)
4,090,349 12,070,135 CMA
  • Commercial (in $000s)
2,237,202 3,949,352 CMA
  • Industrial (in $000s)
361,520 752,593 CMA
  • Institutional (in $000s)
566,619 1,385,365 CMA
Average Price All Home Types $740,685 $729,922 Toronto Area
Housing Starts 19,617 39,027 CMA

CMA - Census Metropolitan Area

GTA - Greater Toronto Area

Census/ National Household Survey (NHS) Data

Census and National Household Survey (NHS)

Every five years, Statistics Canada collects detailed demographic data about Canadian residents.  In 2011 the long-form census was replaced with the voluntary National Household Survey (NHS).


Canadian census and NHS data are not corrected for undercoverage.  Although Statistics Canada makes a great effort to count every person, in each census a notable number of people are left out for a variety of reasons.  For example, people may be traveling, some dwellings are hard to find, and some people simply refuse to participate.Statistics Canada takes this into account and estimates an ‘undercoverage’ rate for each urban region (CMA), but not for municipalities.  The estimated net undercoverage rate for the Toronto CMA was 4.69% in 2011.

Place of Residence (POR) and Place of Work (POW)

Census/NHS data are collected where people live (ie by Place of Residence); however, census/NHS data are also coded to where the respondent works (ie Place of Work).  When analyzing Canada-wide data, the distinction is usually not very important and we can use the terms "jobs" and "employed residents" interchangeably.  For small areas and even for municipal and regional data the distinction is, however, very important.  In 2011, according to NHS data, 197,000 people commuted out of the city of Toronto (largely to 905 municipalities) each day to work, while 454,000 non-residents commuted into the city of Toronto each day.  

Census/NHS employment data by Place of Residence are divided into three groups.  In 2011, according to NHS, the City of Toronto had 1,269,155 employed residents.  Of those employed residents 1,034,130 work in a workplace, 87,795 work at home and another 140,480 have no usual place of work.  Only workers in the first two categories are coded to a place of work.    

Please click on the map to view a larger version.

Census Tract Reference Maps

Click on the image for detailed Census Tract data.