City Building and Infrastructure

2017 Solid Waste Rate Supported Budget

2017 Operating Budget Overview

Solid Waste Management Services is responsible for collecting, transporting, processing, composting and disposal of municipal and some private sector waste. This includes garbage, Blue Bin recyclables, Green Bin organics, litter, yard waste, oversized and metal items, as well as household hazardous waste and electronic waste. SWMS' goal is to be a leader in providing innovative waste management services within the City of Toronto in a sage, efficient, and courteous manner, creating environmental sustainability, promoting waste diversion and maintaining a clean city.

Solid Waste Program Map

View the PDF version of the program map in greater detail.

2017 Operating Budget Highlights

The total cost to deliver these services to Toronto residents, businesses and visitors is $378.292 million gross with a $25.270 million net reserve contribution.

For 2017, $19.7 million in opening budget pressures were identified arising from operating requirements including contract services increases, inflation and provision to support the SWMS Capital program. These pressures have been offset by expenditure reductions and revenue adjustments including a 3.9% blended rate increase.

Fast Facts

  • 7 Transfer Stations (6 with Household Hazardous Waste Depots)
  • 1 Organics Processing Facility with another under expansion.
  • 1 Reuse Centre
  • 4 Collection Yards and 1 Litter Collection Yard
  • Green Lane Landfill + 160 Closed Landfills
  • 1.4 million residential bins (Green/Waste/Blue/Kitchen Catchers)
  • Over 600 vehicles and pieces of equipment.
  • 598,699 tonnes of waste projected to be landfilled in 2016; 528,277 in 2017.
  • Overall Residential Diversion – increase from 44% to 52% from 2008 – 2016 and is projected to be at 52% in 2017
  • The 2017 and 2018 Plans for Overall Residential Diversion have been re-established following Council's consideration and approval of the Long Term Waste Management Strategy (Waste Strategy).
  • Curbside Collection complaints per year decreased by 45% in 2013 and a further 10% in 2014. 2015 saw an increase of 46%, which is now projected to decrease by 21% in 2016.

Trends

  • 598,699 tonnes of waste projected to be landfilled in 2016; 528,277 in 2017.
  • Overall Residential Diversion – increase from 44% to 52% from 2008 – 2016 and is projected to be at 52% in 2017
  • The 2017 and 2018 Plans for Overall Residential Diversion have been re-established following Council's consideration and approval of the Long Term Waste Management Strategy (Waste Strategy).
  • Curbside Collection complaints per year decreased by 45% in 2013 and a further 10% in 2014. 2015 saw an increase of 46%, which is now projected to decrease by 21% in 2016.

Key Service Deliverables for 2017

In moving forward towards 70% overall waste diversion, SWMS has established strategic directions with the following 2017 deliverables:

  • Planning and implementation of the Long Term Waste Management Strategy.
  • Continuing to implement a comprehensive multi-residential education and engagement program, including 3Rs Ambassador Program.
  • Continued rollout of Next Generation Green Bins for curbside customers & continuing to support Green Bin organics programs in multi-residential locations.
  • Completion of a comprehensive Asset Management Framework and Implementation Plan.
  • Implement Design, Build, Operate and Maintain contract for Dufferin Green Bin organics facility expansion.
  • Continue Disco Road Biogas Utilization project.
  • Ongoing monitoring and maintenance plan for perpetual care closed landfill sites.
  • Ongoing installation of landfill gas control and leachate control as legislated, as well as ongoing engineering, development and monitoring of the Green Lane landfill site.
  • Motivate and engage employees with the Employee Recognition Program, Management Team and Annual Town Hall meetings.
  • Pursue operational excellence with the evolution of KPIs, environmental health & safety, collection efficiencies and I&T strategy.

Our Key Issues & Priority Actions

  • Moving toward 70% waste diversion and balancing this target with program sustainability.  This is being addressed through:
    • The Long Term Waste Strategy establishes diversion targets and guides future SWMS activities and investment in the City for the next 30 to 50 years.
    • Continuation of efforts to prioritize the 3Rs, enhance existing programs and implement new recommendations to help achieve 70% Diversion.
  • Moving Towards a Fully Sustainable Utility - ensuring generated rate revenue is adequate to support SWMS' operating pressures, capital needs, as well as allow for the continued transition to a fully sustainable utility model, reducing the application of recoverable debt when appropriate.
    • A 3.9% blended rate increase is recommended with anticipated 3.9% annual blended rate increases over the next 10 years to ensure sufficient capital funding for future initiatives that maximize the lifespan of the Green Lane landfill. 
    • This multi-year fee/rate strategy will be adjusted so that the 10-Year Capital Plan will be funded primarily through reserve funds, supported by annual operating contributions funded from user fees revenue.

 

2017 Operating Budget Highlights

  • The 2017 Recommended Operating Budget for SWMS of $378.292 million in gross expenditures provides
    • Funding of $25.3 million to support the capital reserve, $38 million for general debt servicing and loan repayment, as well as updated contract pricing increases for the processing and collection; and planning for implementation of new contracts.
    • Funding to continue researching markets for expanding diversion programs and conducting waste composition and participation audits by garbage bin size.
  • The Program has offset budgetary increases from 2016 Approved Budget mainly due to the following:
    • Revenue adjustments including the rate increases, commercial fees, oversized items and special event fees ($22.4 million)
    • Service efficiencies and changes including converting to CNG vehicles and adjusting collections ($2.1 million)

2017 – 2026 Capital Budget and Plan Overview

Solid Waste Management Services (SWMS) is responsible for maintaining infrastructure valued at $596 million excluding landfills, comprised of 7 transfer stations, 2 organics processing facilities, 5 collection yards and approximately of 1.6 million organics, recycling and waste bins. Landfills include the active Green Lane Landfill and 160 closed landfills.

The 2017-2026 Recommended Capital Plan totaling $667.1 million focuses on funding major diversion facilities to advance the City's goal of 70% Waste Diversion by investing in facilities and systems necessary to achieve this target as well as to continue Collection Yard and Transfer Station Asset Management and Perpetual Care of closed landfills. The 10-Year Capital Plan includes funding of $138 million for the Council approved Long Term Waste Management Strategy (Waste Strategy), which includes recommendations to reduce, reuse, recycle and recover and dispose of the City's waste over the next 30 to 50 years.

Where does the money go?

The 2017–2026 Recommended Capital Budget and Plan totalling $667.096 million provides funding for:

  • State of Good Repair (SOGR) projects including improving and maintaining transfer station, collection yard and diversion facilities capacity and effectiveness.
  • Service Improvement projects that include the expansion of the Green Bin organics program to include apartments and condominiums, life-cycle replacement of all bins as well as building gas utilization facilities. The Waste Strategy is an integral part of Service Improvement projects.
  • Legislated projects include ongoing development of the Green Lane Landfill and perpetual care of closed landfills, as well as strategic studies and investments in facilities and technologies as determined by the Waste Strategy.
  • Growth related projects that are focused on building additional organics and waste processing capacity.at the Dufferin and Disco sites.

Where does the money come from?

The 10-Year Capital Plan is funded by two major sources:

  • Capital financing of $582.423 million or 87.3% will be provided primarily from the Waste Management Reserve Fund, with annual contributions to the reserve generated from user fee (rate) revenue in the Operating Budget.
  • Recoverable debt funding of $84.673 million comprises 12.7% of SWMS 10-year capital funding. The City initially funds this debt; SWMS then repays the debt servicing costs over its term through the collection of user fees in their Operating Budget.

State of Good Repair Backlog

The Solid Waste Management Program does not currently have a backlog of State of Good Repair (SOGR).  The funding allocated in the 10-Year Capital Plan for SWMS for SOGR projects for 2017 and future years is deemed appropriate to maintain the assets in a state of good repair. The Program is undertaking an asset condition assessment and will report any changes to their SOGR backlog during future Capital Budget processes. 

Key Issues & Priority Actions

70% Waste Diversion - The SWMS’ capital program is driven primarily by the City’s objective to achieve the 70% waste diversion target. 

  • SWMS has developed a Waste Strategy that will guide how the City's waste will be managed over the next 30 – 50 years.
  • The 2017 – 2026 Capital Budget and Plan includes funding of $138 million for the Waste Strategy as approved by Council in July 2016.

Long-Term Capital Funding - To ensure generated rate revenue is adequate to support SWMS' 10-year capital needs as well as allow for the continued transition to a fully sustainable utility model, reducing the application of recoverable debt when appropriate.

  • The 2017 Recommended Operating Budget for SWMS includes a 3.9% rate increase with anticipated 3.9% annual rate increases over the next 5 years to ensure sufficient capital funding for future diversion programs and facilities that maximize the lifespan of the Green Lane landfill beyond 2029, as well as ensure effective solid waste management and disposal. 
  • Approval of a multi-year planned rate increases will allow for sustainable long term capital planning based on predictable annual rate increases.

2017 Capital Budget Highlights

The 2017 Recommended Capital Budget for SWMS of $103.777 million, excluding carry forward funding, will:

  • Continue improving Diversion Systems with multi-unit organics & recycling containers and single family next generation Green Bin organics containers & waste / recycling containers ($22.7 million);
  • Continue building organics processing & waste capacity at the Dufferin & Disco facilities ($37 million);
  • Continue improving and maintaining Transfer Stations and Collection Yards and Diversion Facilities ($12.5 million);
  • Continue developing the Green Lane Landfill ($10.2 million) ­­­­­with Gas Utilization projects ($0.6 million) and providing perpetual care of closed landfills ($9.9 million);
  • Continue implementation of approved Waste Strategy options ($5.4 million).