Planning Studies & Initiatives

Bishops Block


Toronto is one of the largest, most culturally diverse municipalities in North America and has a cultural history that began approximately 11,000 years ago. The archaeological sites that are the physical remains of this lengthy settlement history represent a fragile and non-renewable cultural legacy.

Protecting these sites has become increasing important since landscape change has been occurring at an ever-increasing rate. The City of Toronto has developed an Archaeological Management Plan to identify areas of archaeological potential and to require archaeological assessments on land prior to development. The Interim Report - A Master Plan of Archaeological Resources for the City of Toronto, August 2004 sets out the framework for the project.

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Archaeological Management Plan

The Archaeological Management Plan is a city-wide initiative that identifies lands that may hold archaeological resources.  It uses a GIS-based mapping framework to identify areas of pre-contact and historic archaeological potential.

What We Found

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Ganestiquiagon Beads

Discover why Ganestiquiagon, a seventeenth-century Seneca village at the mouth of the Rouge River on the Toronto-Pickering boundary, is also known as Bead Hill