Richmond-Adelaide + Peter and Simcoe Streets

Pilot Cycle Tracks Evaluation Reports

Graph of cycling volumesGraph of cycling volumesFull evaluation reports are below, but here are some highlights...

Cycling Volumes Tripled

Overall cycling volumes on Richmond, Adelaide and Simcoe Street have tripled since the installation of cycle tracks in 2014.

  • Richmond Street & Adelaide Street average over 4,200 cycle trips each weekday
    (24-hour, measured May 19-22, 2015: over 2,200 on Adelaide St. at Spadina Ave, and over 2,000 on Richmond St. at Peter St.)
  • Simcoe Street averages well over 1,100 cycle trips each weekday
    (24-hour, measured July 11 to 24, 2014, both directions)

Traffic Still Flows Like Before

Motor vehicle travel times  do not appear to be negatively impacted on either Richmond Street or Adelaide Street since the installation of the cycle tracks.

The relatively consistent travel times despite the conversion of a traffic lane to a cycle track may be attributed to improved traffic signal timing, and active enforcement of curbside stopping and parking regulations.

(Measured pre-cycle tracks in June 2014 and after installation in February 2015, with dates selected to avoid roadway capital works construction).


The Cycle Tracks are Very Popular, but Not Without Concerns

The online cycle track feedback survey received over 9,750 completed responses.

Respondents were predominantly people who bike, but also responses from over 1,400 people who do not bike, including 700 motor vehicle drivers  and over 900 people who live or work on these streets and do not cycle.   Below are some of the key findings from the survey. (Survey data from December 15, 2014 to May 14, 2015)


Infographic of key survey data


People Who Bike

  • Almost all survey respondents who bike (about 95%) agreed that the cycle tracks should be made permanent and extended east.
  • Of the over 500 respondents that started biking downtown in 2014, 43% reportedly did so because of the new cycle tracks
  • "How safe and comfortable do you feel biking on these streets" went from a score of 3.6/10 to 8.3/10 after the cycle tracks were fully installed
  • "Vehicles stopped in the cycle track" and "Construction areas" were the two issues that a majority of cyclists found to be more serious problems
  • While over 90% of cyclists agree that some form of physical separation is needed, opinions were split on the form of separation, e.g.:
    • 39% said "Flexi-posts (as is) are an effective form of physical separation" 
    • 36% said "There needs to be greater physical separation, such as curbs and/or planter" boxes


People Who Drive (and Do Not Bike)

  • Despite concerns, a slim majority of the responding drivers who do not cycle still thought the cycle tracks should be made permanent (54%) and extended (52%)
  • Drivers noted modest improvements in comfort for driving on these streets once the cycle tracks were installed
  • A majority of drivers noted some level of concern with many issues, including:
    • Doing a right turn across the cycle track at intersections or driveways
    • Dropping off or picking up passengers next to the cycle track
    • Making deliveries next to the cycle track
    • Cyclists in the traffic lanes:
      • to make a left turn,
      • to avoid stopped vehicles blocking the cycle track
      • where construction has blocked the cycle track
      • when they could be in the cycle track
  • 60% of drivers felt some form of physical separation between the cycle track and traffic lane is needed, and of those about half felt the flexi-posts (as is) are effective enough


Locals (Who Do Not Bike)

"Locals" includes respondents who live, work, attend school or represent a business or organization on these streets

  • 2/3 of the responding locals thought the cycle tracks should be made permanent and extended
  • Local who drive and don't bike had split opinions of whether the new parking regulations were a problem or not.
  • "Getting in or out of a vehicle next to the cycle track" was the only pedestrian issue locals reported to have a majority of concern (6 / 10)
  • Locals tended to feel that the flexi-posts make the streets look equal (33%) or worse (42%).
  • About 25% of property representatives felt there were serious problems with on street parking for deliveries, customers or clients
  • Of those who reported to have a mobility impairment (e.g. get around with the aid of a wheelchair, white cane, service dog) or assist someone with a mobility impairment, about 44% reported the cycle tracks made access "Significantly worse". 


Full Reports

The data from the above information and much more are included in the following reports (PDF):


If you require assistance in understanding any of the above files, please contact Jason Diceman 416-338-2830