Research and Reports

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Health Surveillance and Epidemiology

Toronto Public Health (TPH) assesses the health of Toronto's population by measuring, monitoring, and reporting health determinants and risks, health outcomes and related health inequities. Population health assessment provides the information necessary to understand the health of Toronto's residents and help TPH do its best to reduce health inequities and improve the health of the whole population.

Our website provides some of the population health evidence used for service planning, policy development and advocacy at TPH, as well as other related resources. We hope this information is useful to researchers, community agencies, the general public and other stakeholders who have a shared interest in the health of Toronto.

What's New

About Health Surveillance and Epidemiology

ExpandWhy Population Health Assessment is Important

Population health assessment and surveillance is the foundation of public health practice. This contributes to:

  • The effective and efficient identification of current and evolving health issues
  • Evidence informed decision-making related to services and public policies for managing health risks and improving health outcomes

ExpandUsing Population Health Data

Linking public health practice with population health assessment is built on the collection, analysis and reporting of data related to:

  • Mortality
  • Hospitalization
  • Disease Incidence
  • Reproductive behaviours and outcomes
  • Dental and oral health
  • Risk and protective factors including knowledge, attitudes and behaviours
  • Environmental health risks
  • Social determinants of health including demographic and socio-economic characteristics

ExpandCore Functions

  • Identifying population health information needs
  • Advocating for solutions to data gaps
  • Developing indicators and related information 
  • Analyzing population health data using relevant epidemiological methods
  • Monitoring and reporting trends in health and health determinants using appropriate data visualization techniques
  • Identifying emerging issues
  • Upholding standards and using quality assurance methods to ensure that population health status information is accurate, timely, meaningful, relevant and accessible
  • Integrating health status information with decision making

This work is directed by the Ontario Public Health Standards.

Population Health Reports

Graph illustrating health indicators

Indicator Reports

Core indicators including recent estimates, trends, geographic variations and breakdowns by socio-demographic and social determinants of health.


Healthy Aging in Toronto (2017)

Healthy Aging in Toronto provides an overview of the key risk factors, protective behaviours, social determinants and health outcomes associated with healthy aging.

The Unequal City Report cover

The Unequal City (2015)

This report provides information on differences in health between income groups in Toronto by describing the relationship between income and health for 34 health status indicators and changes in health inequities over approximately 10 years. 

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Healthy Futures (2014)

TPH, with support from the Toronto school boards, conducted a school-based survey in 2014 to help better understand the health and health behaviours of Toronto youth, from grades 7 to 12.

Newcomer Health Status report cover

The Global City: Newcomer Health in Toronto (2011)

This report describes the health advantage that most newcomers bring to Toronto, the decline in their health over time and the need to strengthen efforts to support newcomers, especially those whose health risks are compounded by their income level, gender, immigration status, ethno-racial background, sexual orientation or other factors.

Other Reports and Resources

Summary Tables.PNG

Key Stats at a Glance

Updated charts for selected indicators comparing Toronto's health to other regions in Ontario.

Ward map of Toronto

Ward Health Profiles (2013)

The Ward Health Profiles (2013) include selected demographic and health status indicators, representing key social determinants of health, for each of Toronto's 44 wards.