Solid Waste Management Services

Divisional Information

Garbage truck on a residential street lifting a blue recycling bin

By-laws

Solid Waste Fees, Collections, Packaging, Waste Transfer and Landfill By-laws, and Littering and Dumping of Refuse By-law

Inside a Household Hazardous Waste (HHW) depot

Reports

Waste diversion reports and studies

Services to Residents and Businesses

Blue and green bins set out on a residential street

Houses

General information and collection calendars

Private car entering a drop-off depot

Drop-off Depots

Dispose of household hazardous waste, electronics, renovation waste, tires, etc. Garbage, recycling and yard waste can be also be dropped off — see a list of accepted items.

Initiatives

  

Household Hazardous Waste

Four of the City's six HHW depot sites are also HHW reuse depots. Toronto residents can either drop off or pick up the following items for reuse: paints, cleaning products, wood, stains, solvents and lubricants. More...

Practise your 3Rs on the go!

Keep up the good work you do at home to reduce, reuse and recycle by making good use of the many street recycling/garbage bins available across the City. Each bin features receptacles for butting out cigarettes for safe disposal. Stepping on the foot pedal activates the flap opening making it easy to properly dispose of chewing gum.

Community Environment Days

Clean out your basement, closets and garage of all the items you no longer use. Sporting goods, clothing, books, small household appliances and computer equipment) as well as hazardous waste items - they can all be brought to a Community Environment Day near you.

The City of Toronto will recycle, divert and even donate these items! You can also pick-up water-saving kits, composters, recycling bins, yard waste containers and leaf compost.

Composting

Compost, yard waste and lawns are all organic substances, and they all factor "organically" into the City's waste reduction program. Examples of organics include the grass on your lawn, tree leaves, plant roots, stems, blooms and leaves from your garden flowers, fruit or vegetable plantings, hedge or shrub trimmings, and compost itself.

Yellow Bag Program

The Yellow Bag Program is a waste management initiative that encourages Toronto's commercial customers to decrease garbage while increasing recycling and organics collection. It also harmonizes commercial waste collection services across the City.

Litter

Litter audits, tips, street bins for garbage, recycling, cigarette butts, etc.

ReUseIt

Not-for-profit groups use donations for clients or by reselling them to fund programs. You can support these organizations in two ways: donate reusable items and shop at their retail operations.

2014 Residential Diversion Rates

In 2014, a total of 423,817 tonnes of residential waste was diverted from landfill through such programs as the Blue Bin recycling, Green Bin organics, leaf/yard waste and Christmas trees, backyard composting, Community Environment Days, household hazardous waste depots, grass cycling, large appliance/scrap metal and electronic waste pick-up.

The combined residential diversion rate of 53% represents the diverted tonnage achieved by both single-family homes and multi-unit residential buildings (categorized as having 9 or more units). Separately, residents living in single-family homes had a diversion rate of 66% and those living in multi-unit residential buildings achieved a rate of 26%. 

In 2015, there will be a continued focus to implement Green Bin organics collection in multi-residential buildings, supported with ongoing waste diversion promotion and education.  It is anticipated that as the Green Bin organics program matures in multi-residential buildings, the waste diversion rate for this sector will increase as the program becomes as familiar as the Blue Bin recycling program.

The City is committed to continuing to improve waste diversion efforts and moving closer to the goal of achieving 70% waste diversion to preserve the long term capacity of our Green Lane Landfill. Development of the Long Term Waste Management Strategy is ongoing with a goal of finding solutions that are environmental sustainable, socially acceptable and cost-effective. The Waste Strategy will provide a framework for policy decisions over the next 30 to 50 years and will include ways to further reduce, reuse and recycle our waste prior to final disposal.

2014 breakdown by material of residential waste diversion

2014 Residential Waste Diversion

ProgramWaste Collected
(tonnes)
Waste Diverted
(tonnes)
Diversion Rate
Single Family Residential

181,404

353,241

66%

Multi-Unit Residential

199,148

70,576

26%

Total Residential

380,552

423,817

53%

 

Diversion Summary 2014

ProgramTonnes
Blue Bin Program

 141,206

Leaf/Yard/Christmas trees

  96,068

Backyard Composting

  19,179

Green Bin (Organics)

 106,040

Environment Days/Depots

    1,681

Large Appliances/Scrap Metal

    3,826

Grasscycling

  19,214

Household Hazardous Waste

    1,844

Electronics

      937

Deposit Return and Stewardship Program

  14,779

Tires

  19,043

Diversion in Tonnes

 423,817

Waste

 380,552

Diversion and Waste

 804,369

Percentage Diversion

 53%

2007-2014 summary of waste diversion rates

 

 
 
 
Residential Diversion 2007 to 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
City of Toronto
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2014
2013
2012
2011
2010
2009
2008
2007
Residential waste diversion
Tonnes
Tonnes
Tonnes
Tonnes
Tonnes
Tonnes
Tonnes
Tonnes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Blue/Grey Box Program
141,206
143,935
148,336
146,538
147,236
139,757
158,747
154,799
Leaf/yard/xmas trees
96,068
99,822
92,474
84,297
82,470
82,084
82,766
77,509
Backyard Composting
19,179
19,120
19,045
18,970
18,899
18,826
18,739
18,652
Green Bin SSO
106,040
111,848
105,491
100,663
92,715
84,674
94,201
85,552
Environment Days/Depots 
1,681
3610
2,119
2,713
1,992
1,455
900
860
Electronics
937
849
979
1,719
1,834
1,095
910
 
Large Appliances/Scrap Metal
3,826
3,290
2,860
3,641
4,238
4,983
4,837
4,422
Grasscycling
19,214
19,964
18,095
17,116
16,054
15,977
12,085
11,296
Household Hazardous Waste
1,844
1,622
1,531
1,544
1,563
1,175
1,162
1,086
Beer Store Deposit Return 
14,779
14,655
14,532
14,409
13,889
13,865
13,841
6,545
LCBO Deposit Return
19,043
-
-
-
-
-
-
6,570
Tires
 
20,507
18,726
 
 
 
 
 
Diversion in Tonnes
423,817
439,222
424,188
391,610
380,890
363,891
388,188
367,291
Waste
380,552
384,521
391,262
408,202
432,539
470,379
494,539
497,809
Diversion and Waste
804,369
823,743
815,450
799,812
813,429
834,270
882,727
865,100
Diversion in %
53%
53%
52%
49%
47%
44%
44%
42%

NOTES:

  • * Grasscycling – estimated amounts that are left on lawns since clippings are not collected.
  • Green Bin (source separated organics) rolled out to single family households between 2002 and 2005.
  • 2007 - A certain amount of yard waste remained on the ground due to early snowfall and therefore was not collected in 2007.
  • 2007 - The impact of the LCBO deposit return can be seen on blue box program tonnage.
  • July 2008 - All multi-residential buildings collected by the City moved to a volume-based rate levy for waste.
  • November 2008 - All single family households moved to a volume-based rate levy for waste.
  • 2009 - Recycling and SSO tonnage was down due to six weeks of labour disruption which impacted in-house collection.
    The six weeks of labour disruption represents 11.5% of the year.
  • Blue Bin recyclables and Green Bin organics were down approximately 11%
  • Blue Bin residue also increased from 17% in 2008 to 20% in 2009.
  • Fall 2009 – Polystyrene and plastic film added
  • Fall 2012 – Mixed rigid plastics added

Tipface

Green Lane Landfill

Toronto's modern, environmentally sound, state-of-the-art solid waste disposal facility with landfill gas management and leachate management systems.

Household Hazardous Waste (HHW) depot worker

Working Groups

Multi-Family Waste Diversion, Residual Waste and 3Rs Working Groups

News Releases

reuse.jpg

News archive

Solid Waste Management Services news release archives by year and month.