The number of people with diabetes is growing. More than two million Canadians have diabetes, yet a third of them do not know anything about this disease. If left untreated, diabetes can lead to serious health problems such as loss of sight, and heart and kidney disease.
Diabetes affects the body’s ability to use the energy it gets from food. The body changes food into glucose (a type of sugar) that is found in the blood after eating a meal. Insulin is a hormone made by the body that helps glucose move out of the blood and into cells so that it can be used as energy. Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not make enough insulin or cannot use the insulin it makes.
Types of diabetes:
The good news is that type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed. Type 1 diabetes and gestational diabetes cannot be prevented.
Find out if you are at risk of having type 2 diabetes and learn ways to decrease your risk by taking the Canadian Diabetes Risk Questionnaire now. The questionnaire asks important questions about risk factors such as your age and family history of diabetes.
About 90 per cent of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. You are at risk for type 2 diabetes if you:
- are 40 years of age or older
- have someone in your family with type 2 diabetes e.g. parent, brother, sister or grandparent
- are overweight (especially around your belly)
- are a member of a high-risk group
- Indigenous (e.g. First Nations, Inuit, Métis)
- Black (e.g. African, Caribbean)
- East Asian (e.g. China, Vietnam, Philippines, Korea)
- South Asian (e.g. Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka)
- Latin American
- have a history of gestational diabetes or pre-diabetes
- have heart disease, high blood pressure, or high cholesterol
- have health complications related to diabetes such as eye, nerve or kidney problems
Take the risk assessment. It's worth it!