Cycling News

2014 Year in Review

2014 Bikeway Network Projects Summary

In 2014, the following installations took place

New Cycle Tracks: (1.5km Richmond, 1.4km Adelaide, 0.9 Simcoe, 1.8 Wellesley) 5.6 lane km
New Bicycle Lanes: (1.2 Bay, 0.4 Fermanagh, 0.5 Richmond W, 0.1 Phoebe, 0.1 Stephanie, 0.6 Lindsey,  0.2 Havelock, 0.6 Brock, 0.2 Bathurst, 0.6 Lansdowne, 0.4 Ranee Underpass, 0.4 Finch Underpass, 0.5 Kingston, 1.4 Cherry-Sumach, 0.8 Harbord ) 8 lane km
New Sharrows:(0.4 Fermanagh, 0.5 Richmond W, 0.1 Phoebe, 0.1 Stephanie, 1 Lindsey, 0.2 Havelock, 2.6 Brock) 4.9 lane km

New Bikeway Trails: ( 2.3 Finch Hydro, 1 Queen’s Quay) 3.3 km (Each Trail km is bidirectional)

Existing Bike Lanes Upgraded to Buffered Bike Lanes: (3.2 Harbord, 1.5 Bloor E) 4.7 lane km

2014 Cycling Network Status

On-Street Bikeway typelane kilometers
Cycle Tracks 8
White bicycle lanes 209
Yellow 'contra-flow' bicycle lanes 6.1

Lanes with shared lane pavement markings ("sharrows")

Signed routes ( no pavement markings) 302
On-Street Total 555.1
Bikeway Multi-use Trail(trail kilometers)

 Off road Trails, including Rail Trails, Hydro Corridor       

Trails, Boulevard Trails and Major parks Trails. 


 * Trails which are classified as bikeways are typically two-ways, with a centre line.   

If the "lane km" distance for each kilometer is to be calculated, the approximate

figure is therefore 596 km.

2014 Bikeway Network Projects

Richmond and Adelaide Cycle Track Pilot Projects

On June 10, 2014 City Council approved the installation of a Cycle Track pilot project on Richmond and Adelaide.  Between June-September 2014, Transportation Services installed an eastbound only cycle track on Adelaide Street, between Bathurst and Simcoe Street and a westbound only Cycle Track on Richmond Street West, between Bathurst and York Street.

Prior to painting, Transportation Services re-surfaced the curb lanes on these streets in order to improve the pavement quality.  These pilot installations consist of a painted buffer and flex-posts to separate the cycle track from the adjacent travel lanes.  

The pilot installations are being evaluated as part of the Environmental Assessment Study for the final facility designs on Richmond and Adelaide.  In its first year counts were conducted and up to 1,750 cyclists/day were counted. During some peak hours, as many as 300+ cyclists/hour were counted.

In order to help cyclists access the new Cycle Tracks on Richmond and Adelaide, painted bicycle lanes were installed on Bathurst Street, between Richmond St. West and Adelaide St. West. 


Simcoe Cycle Track

As part of the Richmond-Adelaide Cycle Track Pilot Project, on June 10, 2014 City Council approved cycle tracks on Simcoe Street, between Queens Street West and Front Street. 

The 2014 pilot installation consists of a southbound Cycle Track between Richmond  St. West, and King St. West., and between Wellington St. West and Front Street.  The Cycle Track is connected by southbound sharrows, between Queen Street West and Richmond St. West, and between King St. West and Adelaide St. west. In the northbound-direction, a yellow "contra-flow" Cycle Track, was installed between Front St and Queen St West. 

This pilot installation is also significant as it is Toronto's first cycling facility where the on-street parking supply is in between a travel lane and the curb-side Cycle Track.

Simcoe represents a critical north-south cycling connection in Toronto's downtown core, linking the Waterfront Trail to Queen St. West.  The Cycle Track pilot installations adjoin to the existing painted bicycle lanes between Front Street and Toronto's Waterfront.   As part of the evaluation of the pilot installations, the City surveyed cyclists.  Users of the pilot facility stated that they rated their safety and comfort cycling on Simcoe as 5.3 out of 10 before the Cycle Track installations, and rose to 8.7 after the Cycle Track Installations.

The survey also found that many cyclists were using University Avenue before the installation of the northbound cycle track.  Within a month of its installation, 1,400+ cyclists/day were counted, half of whom were travelling northbound.


Richmond West, Phoebe and Stephanie Contra-Flow Bicycle Lanes

In order to help cyclists access the new Cycle Tracks on Richmond and Adelaide, On June 10, 2014 City Council approved the installation of painted bicycle yellow "contra-flow" bicycle lanes on Richmond St. West, between Bathurst and Niagara St.  The installation of this yellow bicycle lane in 2014 makes the street which was previously one-way eastbound only a two-way street for cycling.

Westbound yellow "contra-flow" bicycle lanes were also installed on to Stephanie Street, between John St. and Beverley St. and to Phoebe Street, between Beverley and Soho St.  These bicycle lanes allow cyclists to connect from the Beverly St. bicycle lanes to John St, and Soho St. 

Sharrows were installed on Soho between Phoebe and Queen St. West, and signal modifications were undertaken at the intersection of Soho/Queen/Peter in anticipation of the installation of approved bicycle lanes to Peter St.


Harbord St. Bike Lanes and Hoskin Cycle Track

Sharrows on Harbord St. between Manning and Spadina Ave. were upgraded to bicycle lanes.  The existing painted bicycle lanes on Harbord St. between St. George-Spadina and Manning-Ossington have been upgraded with the addition of green area markings, and painted buffer markings to delineate the bicycle lanes from the adjacent travel lanes. 

On June 10, 2014 City Council approved a Cycle Track on Hoskin Ave, between St. George and Queens Park Cres.W. Construction of these cycle tracks commenced in 2014 and will be complete in 2015.


Wellesley Cycle Track

The installation of the Wellesely Cycle Track pavement markings which were installed in 2013 were augmented by the installation of bollards in 2014.  Wellesely Street East was the first location in Toronto to have cycling and motor vehicle traffic separated by bollards installed to a painted buffer.

In coordination with a Toronto Water reconstruction, cycling track constructed with a barrier curb was built between Yonge St. and Queens Park Cres. West.  This was the first Cycle Track constructed with a barrier curb in the City of Toronto.

Between the intersections of Wellesley-Queens Park Cres.E and Hoskin-Queens Park Cres.W a curb-side traffic lane and turn channel on Queens Park Cres. were converted to a bi-directional Cycle Track.  In order to improve the cycling and pedestrian conditions at the intersection of Hoskin and Queens Park West, a major capital reconstruction of the intersection was undertaken to remove a free-flow turn channel, and refuge island.  Cyclists and pedestrians may now cross Queens Park Cres. on both the north and south side of the intersection, and have a fully signalized single-stage crossing across Hoskin Ave.  These intersection modifications included the installation of cyclist signals, which operate on a protected phase.

This Cycle Track connection around Queens Park was substantially constructed in 2014, but will remain closed until signal work at the intersection of Wellesley and Queens Park Cres. E is complete.  This Cycle Track will provide an alternative option for cyclists who prefer not to mix with the pedestrian traffic on the Queens Park multi-use path.


Bay Street Bicycle Lanes

At its May 2010 meeting City Council approved the installation of painted Bicycle lanes on Bay Street between College St. W and Dundas St. W.  These bicycle lanes were installed in 2014.  Shared lane pavement markings (sharrows) connect these new bay St. Bicycle lanes to the existing Bay bicycle lanes at Cumberland, connecting where Bay St. connects to Davenport.


Sumach and Cherry Street Bicycle Lanes

As part of the development of the Lower Don Lands area, sections of new street have been constructed between Eastern and Mill Street, connecting the existing Cherry and Sumach Streets. 

Painted bicycle lanes were approved as part of the design for this street in September 2011, and were installed in coordination with the construction of the new sections of Cherry Street, between Lake Shore Blvd. and Eastern, and on the new section of Sumach Street, between Eastern Avenue and King St. West. In 2014.


Lindsey and Havelock Bicycle Lanes

On August 5, 2009 City Council approved contra-flow bicycle lanes on Lindsey Ave. and Havelock St.  The installation of these bicycle lanes in 2014 are the first step in the ongoing development of the Dewson Bicycle Boulevard.  Future markings on Dewson St. will enhance the connection between Brock Ave. and Harbord/Shaw.

Bloor Street East Bicycle Lane Upgrades

The existing bicycle lanes on Bloor Street East were upgraded by the addition of a painted buffer in 2014. 

Brock Avenue Rail Underpass

On August 5, 2009 City Council approved bicycle lanes on Brock Avenue between Seaforth and Florence to improve cycling conditions in the rail underpass.  These bicycle lanes were installed in 2014, along with Sharrows between Queen St. W and Lindsey Ave.  The installation of these markings are the first step in the ongoing development of a Brock Avenue Bicycle Boulevard.


Fermanagh Avenue Bicycle Lane

On August 5, 2009 City Council approved a yellow "contra-flow" bicycle lane on Fermanagh Avenue, between Sorauren Ave. and Roncesvalles Ave.  This eastbound bicycle lane installed in 2014 now allows for two-way cycling traffic on Fermanagh Ave.


Lansdowne Avenue Rail Underpass

On August 5, 2009 City Council approved bicycle lanes on Lansdowne Avenue, between Dundas St. West and Rideau, to improve cycling conditions in this rail underpass.


Finch Ave. West Rail Underpass

On January 26, 2010 Toronto City Council re-affirmed its commitment to the Finch West LRT Environmental Assessment Study. This study included bicycle lanes on the Finch West LRT route.  In 2014, as part of a roadway re-surfacing, buffered bicycle lanes have now been installed on a widened portion of Finch Ave. West, where it crosses below the New Market Sub Rail Line, between Alexdon Rd. and Chesswood Dr.


Ranee Avenue Underpass

On July 6, 2010 City Council approved Public Realm Improvements to the Ranee-Allen Expressway Underpass, as part of the Lawrence-Allen Revitalization Plan.  Bicycle lanes improved lighting, and public art installed in 2014 have improved the accessibility of the Yorkdale TTC Station located in this access.


Strachan-Lake Shore Intersection

Pavement markings and a new cycling signal to enhance cycling safety at the intersection of Strachan and Lake Shore were installed in 2014.  This signal hardware and pavement markings improve the connection between the Strachan bicycle lanes and the Waterfront Trail.


Kingston Road Bicycle Lane

On June 10, 2014 City Council approved an eastbound bicycle lane on the south side of Kingston Road, from Wood Glen Road to a point 35 metres west of Haig Avenue. This bicycle lane was installed in coordination with a road reconstruction on Kingston Road, and will improve cycling conditions for cyclists travelling eastbound on the Waterfront Trail.

Bikeway Trails

On June 6, 2013 City Council adopted the Bikeway Trails Implementation Plan.

Finch Hydro Corridor
The plan included a number of recommendations, including the ongoing development of a trail system across the top of Toronto in the Finch Hydro Corridor.  In 2014 a new section of this trail was built in this corridor, between Maxome Ave. and Pineway Blvd.  A bridge is being constructed in 2014/2015 to facilitiate the crossing of Newtonbrook Creek. 

Waterfront Trail
A bi-directional cycling connection across Toronto's central Waterfront was constructed between Bay and Sherbourne in 2014.  Once complete, the redevelopment of Queens Quay will fully link the Waterfront Trail across Toronto's Central Waterfront area.

Ongoing Environmental Assessment Studies
The City has undertaken Environmental Assessment Studies for the West Toronto Railpath Extension, and East Don Trail because these trails will require numerous bridges, tunnels, and rail crossings to be realized.


Bike Parking

Bicycle Locking Ring Program

The City of Toronto's Bicycle Locking Ring Program is a leader in North America, providing over 17,000 parking spots to the public on City sidewalks.  In 2014, the City of Toronto installed 650 new bicycle locking rings, and repaired 499 broken bicycle locking rings.  The City also partnered with BIAs so that they were able to invest in installing or improving bicycle parking opportunities.

Bicycle Stations
Construction has now started to build a secure Bicycle Parking Station at Nathan Philips Square. Toronto's first Bicycle Station at Union was upgraded. You can now sign up for a bicycle locker or renewing your bicycle locker subscription at the Union Station Bicycle Station.

Bicycle Corral Program
The City of Toronto has started a new bicycle parking program - the bicycle corral program converts on-street car parking spots in the curb lane by adding bike racks in order to increase bicycle parking without further congesting the sidewalk.  The bicycle corral program currently has 8 locations in Toronto's downtown.

Cycling Education

In 2014 Parks, Forestry and Recreation offered CAN-BIKE courses for residents of all ages and abilities at community centres across the City of Toronto.  Transportation Services published 100,000 Cycling Maps as a free public service, and various informational campaigns encouraged all road users to be safe, alert and follow the rules of the road.

Over 4,000 users submit data to the City of Toronto for almost 60,000 cycling trips in 2014.  This trip data is being used to help inform the design and priorities of a Cycling Network Implementation Plan Report that will go to Council in 2015.

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