Living In Toronto

Toronto's Draft Pollinator Protection Strategy - Overview

Share your ideas!

The City of Toronto is inviting members of the public to provide feedback on a proposed pollinator protection strategy for Toronto.  The purpose of the strategy is to identify additional actions that can be taken by the City and the community to protect, enhance and create habitat for Toronto's pollinators, such as bees and butterflies. 

Read the strategy.

About the Draft Strategy: Vision, guiding principles and proposed actions

The vision is for Toronto to be home to healthy pollinator populations that support resilient ecosystems and contribute to a rich urban biodiversity.

To achieve this vision, six guiding principles and 44 proposed actions have been identified.

Download the full Draft Strategy document (pdf)

The draft strategy document (pdf) provides:

  • an overview of Toronto's bees and butterflies;
  • a summary of the guiding principles that helped to shape the strategy; and,
  • a series of proposed actions that will help to protect and sustain healthy pollinator populations in Toronto.

This document was created to provide information and invite further input as we begin to finalize the strategy. 

Next Steps

While a great deal of work has been done to date, there are several additional actions that need to be taken to develop the final Pollinator Protection Strategy, including obtaining public feedback, continued consultation with the expert advisory group and internal working group, and additional research.

The final Pollinator Protection Strategy, to be completed in early 2018, will become part of the City's Biodiversity Strategy.



Since 2016, City of Toronto staff have been working together with expert stakeholders and concerned residents to develop a Pollinator Protection Strategy, which will be a component of the City's broader Biodiversity Strategy.

The goal is to identify what additional actions can be taken by the City and the community to protect, enhance and create habitat for pollinators, such as bees and butterflies.

The City of Toronto is already doing many things to support pollinators, but we know there is more to be done.

The final strategy will build upon and expand current activities and create opportunities to establish new initiatives, partnerships and collaborations.

Why is a pollinator protection strategy necessary?

Conserving and properly managing Toronto's diverse pollinator community is a key component of a sustainable, resilient, and biodiverse city. As pollinators, bees provide an invaluable service to the ecosystem. Without bees, much of the food we eat and the natural landscapes we enjoy would not exist.

Butterflies are also an essential component of our ecosystem. Caterpillars have important roles as natural herbivores and food for birds.

It is critical to ecosystem functioning to maintain healthy populations of bees and butterflies.

The decline in some species of pollinators is alarming. Once a species is lost from an area, it is extremely difficult to reintroduce it. The actions proposed in this strategy are intended to ensure that species still found in our city can survive and be sustained.