Water-Efficient Landscaping

Water-efficient and native plant lists

Water-efficient Plants

You can use a variety of water-efficient plants to grow beautiful gardens that require little water and:

  • Are hardy and beautiful.
  • Are low-maintenance.
  • Are attractive and colourful.
  • Are drought tolerant.
  • Provide ground cover in a variety of locations.
  • Attract birds and butterflies.
  • Reduce runoff and erosion on slopes.
  • Provide shade and privacy.
  • Act as a wind break.

Once established, these plants only need rain to thrive.

Water-efficient plant lists


 

Plant list: Native

 

Toronto's native plants

  • Encourage biodiversity
  • Natural and beautiful
  • No need for pesticides
  • Low-maintenance
  • Drought tolerant


 

Attracting wildlife

Toronto's native plants provide shelter and food for birds and butterflies. Encourage these guests with some local favourites:

  • Bee Balm
  • Big Blue Stem
  • Black-eyed Susan
  • butterfly Milkweed
  • Columbine
  • False Sunflower
  • Lance-leaved Coreopsis
  • Purple Coneflower
  • Hyssop
  • New England Aster
  • Wild Bergamont


 

Let nature work for you

Native wildflowers are perennials or self-seeding, which means you will not have to replace them every year. Native wildflowers are also adapted to our local climate and soils. This means that you will save time, money and effort by not having to rake leaves, water or fertilize your naturalized garden.

Tip

Use Native Plants

Native plants can help preserve our special ecosystems. Ecosystems are communities of plants and animals, including the physical environment they inhabit. You can contribute to your local ecosystem by growing native plants. Toronto's native plants can help preserve our natural heritage. Plants, insects and wildlife have existed together in Southern Ontario for thousands of years. Toronto's native plants provide shelter and food for birds and butterflies, without the need for pesticides. Native wildflowers are perennials or self-seeding, which means you will not have to replace them every year. They are also adapted to our climate, which means less time, money and effort on maintenance.

Native plant lists


 

Toronto's native plants can help preserve our natural heritage. Plants, insects and wildlife have existed together in Southern Ontario for thousands of years.

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