Data catalogue

Wellbeing Toronto - Demographics: NHS Indicators

This data set shows the following indicators: population breakdown by ethnicity, household income, education level, employment, age and sex. Data is broken down by the different Toronto neighbourhoods.


There were changes in the way information was collected for portions of the 2011 Census. This will impact the extent to which comparisons can be made with other Census periods on some Census variables. In general, 2011 Census data on population, dwelling counts, age, sex, families, household living arrangements, marital status, structural types of dwellings types and language can be compared to the data from other Censuses, with due regard for changing definitions of individual variables.

Information on Aboriginal peoples, immigration, ethnocultural diversity, education, labour, income and housing was collected differently in 2011 as part of a voluntary National Household Survey (NHS) by Statistics Canada. In general, the 2011 NHS data is less comparable to that of the other Censuses due to non-response bias inherent in voluntary surveys. The risk of a voluntary survey is that the results may only reflect the kinds of individuals who are inclined to participate in a survey in the first place. As the National Household Survey User Guide notes, "because non-respondents tend to have different characteristics from respondents. As a result, there is a risk that the results will not be representative of the actual population." Comparisons between the 2011 NHS and other Censuses should not be considered fully reliable.

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