Toronto Cycling Network Plan

Cycling Impact Analysis

The City of Toronto is identifying projects which will Connect, Grow, and Renew the Cycling Network.  To understand the potential benefits of routes being proposed, eight areas of analysis were examined.   

 

Cycling Impact Analysis Maps

These maps illustrate eight areas of analysis which were considered to identify new cycling projects.

 

CURRENT CYCLING DEMAND:   
MEASURING EXISTING RATES OF BICYCLE USE, IN DIFFERENT PARTS OF TORONTO

This analysis highlights areas of the city where there are currently high volumes of cycling traffic, to visualize where the greatest number of existing cyclists could benefit from new or upgraded bikeways.
Data source: 2011 Toronto Transportation Tomorrow Survey (TTS) - total cycling trips.

Current Cycling Demand (PDF)

 

 

POTENTIAL DEMAND
MEASURING WHERE PEOPLE ARE MAKING A LOT OF SHORT TRIPS (UNDER 5KM) BY CAR OR TRANSIT

This analysis highlights areas where there is currently a high demand for short trips not currently being made by bicycle, that could potentially be completed by bicycle in future.
Data source: 2011 TTS non-cycling and non-walking trips of 5 km or less.

Potential Cycling Demand (PDF)

 

 

COVERAGE
IDENTIFYING PARTS OF THE CITY THAT CURRENTLY LACK BIKEWAYS

This analysis applies a buffer (up to 500m) around the existing network to quantify the number of new residents and/or employees that could be served, if a proposed new cycling route were added to the existing network.
Data Source: City of Toronto

Cycling Network Coverage (PDF)

 

 

BARRIERS
IDENTIFYING WHICH ONES DO WE NEED TO CROSS AND THE COST 

This analysis will will identify opportunities to provide safer crossings where none exist, within 1km in either direction from a barrier, including highways, railways, rivers, ravines, etc.  It will also consider opportunities to improve existing crossings. 
Data Source: City of Toronto

Crossing Barriers (PDF)

 

 

POPULATION AND EMPLOYMENT DENSITY
IDENTIFYING WHERE SHORT TRIPS ARE VIABLE

This analysis will map the number of residents and jobs per square kilometer to visualize the extent to which the network as a whole is serving the areas of the city where the greatest number of people could access the cycling network.
Data source: Toronto City Planning - population and employment distributions

Density (PDF)

 

 

TRIP GENERATORS
IDENTIFYING ATTRACTIONS, DESTINATIONS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR MULTI-MODAL TRAVEL

This analysis will measure the number of key trip generators served by a bikeway project, including: secondary and post-secondary schools, GO and TTC stations and major attractions such as community centers, malls and museums/galleries.
Data Source: City of Toronto

Trip Generators (PDF)

  

 

SAFETY
IDENTIFYING WHERE VEHICLE-BICYCLE COLLISIONS HAVE OCCURRED

The maps depict the locations of reported collisions involving cyclists. The intensity of the markings reflects the relative number of collisions that were reported at each location from 2009 to 2013.

Because collision frequency is often directly related to the number of trips made, the City Wide Planning Area and the Core Planning Area were analysed separately to account for the higher proportion of bicycle traffic in the Core Planning Area.  In terms of collision frequencies, the lightest markings represent 1 collision on both maps, whereas the highest frequency locations for the City Wide and Core areas were 9 and 18, respectively, which represent the highest possible values for the darker markings. 

Safety (Core) (PDF)

 

Safety (City wide) (PDF)

 

 

CONNECTIVITY
IDENTIFYING AREAS OF HIGH AND LOW NETWORK COHESION

This analysis will highlight bikeway projects that can close gaps in the existing network, by providing cycling-friendly connections between nearby routes.  The result will be more routing options for cyclists using those facilities.
Data Source: City of Toronto

Connectivity (PDF)