Toronto - the name derived from the Huron word for "fishing weir" - is on the northwest shore of Lake Ontario at Latitude 43 39 N, Longitude 79 23 W.
Located on a broad sloping plateau cut by numerous river valleys, Toronto covers 641 sq.km. and stretches 43 km from east to west and 21 km from north to south at its longest points. The perimeter is approximately 180 km.
- Waterfront is 76.5 meters above sea level; shoreline stretches 43 km or 138 km when including in the bays and islands
- The intersection of Steeles Avenue West and Keele Street is the highest point at 209 meters
- 307 km of rivers and creeks run through the city
- All rivers and creeks flow into Lake Ontario and are part of the Atlantic Ocean Drainage Basin
- Most northerly point is the intersection of Steeles Ave E. and Pickering Town Line
- Most southerly point is Lake Ontario's shoreline at the border between Toronto and Mississauga
- Most easterly point is the meeting of the Rouge River and shoreline of Lake Ontario
- Most westerly point is the intersection of Steeles Ave W. and Albion Road
- Toronto is in plant hardiness zone 6, and on the eastern edge of the Carolinian Forest zone
- There are over 1,600 named parks comprised of over 8,000 hectares of land (ravines, valleys, woodlots, parks, beaches, golf courses, destination parks, parkettes) and over 200 km of trails, many of which are suitable for biking and walking.
- Toronto has a total of about 10 million trees, approximately 4 million of which are publicly-owned trees. These include approximately 600,000 street trees (e.g. located on public right of ways on boulevards and commercial trees in sidewalks, etc) and 3.5 million trees in parks, ravines and other natural areas.
Statistics source: Land Information Toronto, Parks & Recreation, Natural Resources Canada.