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Shifts in the patterns of settlement and vast economic expansion following World War Two resulted in the rapid growth of Toronto's suburbs. The population of the area now known as Toronto doubled between 1945 and 1980, and the resulting housing boom forever changed its suburban landscape. Curved disconnected street systems were preferred over the grids of the older streetcar neighbourhoods. Land uses were separated. Private automobiles replaced public transit as the preferred way of moving about, and trucks replaced trains for moving goods and materials. Department stores and movie theatres spread from the downtown and main streets, and into regional malls.