Garbage & Recycling

Blue Bin Recycling Program

When you increase recycling, you reduce garbage, you reduce your fee!

Given the Council approved rebate changes and fee increases for Garbage Bins effective April 1, 2015, it's time to think about how you can recycle more and upsize your Blue Bin. Then, you can downsize your Garbage Bin and your fee. About 75% of single family customers still use medium, large or extra large sized Garbage Bins. When you recycle more, you set out less garbage. Make sure you pick bin sizes that best fit your needs. To exchange your bin, simply make an online Service Request or call 311.


Recycling Resources and Information

What Goes in Recycling?

Yes - what can be recycled

Beverage and food containers

Rinse clean and recycle

  • Clamshell containers (hinged, clear plastic containers used for food items such as berries and take-out)
  • Clear fruit and vegetable containers
  • Clear take-out food containers
  • Clear molded bakery item trays, egg cartons
  • Disposable plastic plates and glasses
  • Cold beverage cups/lids
  • Plastic bottles and jugs (lids on)
  • Milk/juice cartons and boxes (put plastic tops and straws in garbage)
  • Glass bottles and jars (lids on)
  • Aluminum cans
  • Plastic food jars, tubs and lids (e.g. margarine, yogurt, ice cream, sour cream containers)

  • Metal cans (place metal lid inside can and pinch closed - if lid is plastic, recycle loose)
  • Cardboard cans (e.g. frozen juice, refrigerated dough, chips, nuts, powdered drink mix — put plastic pull-off strips in garbage; place metal ends inside cardboard can and pinch closed)
  • Aluminum trays, burner liners, pie plates and roasting pans

Home and personal product containers

Rinse clean and recycle

  • Plastic bottles (lids and sprayers screwed on tight)
  • Plastic kitty litter tubs with plastic handles
  • Plastic laundry detergent tubs and lids
  • Clear compact disk cases (empty)
  • Aerosol cans (empty; put caps in garbage)
  • Metal paint cans & lids (empty, dry; no need to rinse. Separate lids from cans)

Home Products

Foam polystyrene and plastic retail shopping bags

Rinse clean and recycle

  • Foam food and protective packaging (e.g. drinking cups, egg cartons, meat trays, takeout food containers, electronics packaging)
  • Plastic grocery and retail shopping bags without drawstrings, metal detailing or hard plastic handles (remove receipts: place all plastic bags in one retail or grocery plastic bag and and tie handles together)

Foam Products


Not contaminated with food or chemicals

  • Bags, rolls, junk mail, writing/computer paper, envelopes, window envelopes
  • Shredded paper (put in clear plastic bag and tie closed)
  • Gift wrap, cards (no ribbons, bows, foil wrap)
  • Newspapers, flyers, telephone directories, magazines, catalogues, soft/ hardcover books (remove plastic covers, liners, over-wrap and put in garbage)
  • Boxboard boxes (e.g. cereal, tissue, detergent, egg cartons – flatten; remove liners, plastic windows and put in garbage)
  • Corrugated cardboard (clean, unwaxed, flattened; pizza boxes must be empty; remove plastic over-wrap from pop/water cases and put in garbage)

Paper Products



"Top Bin Sins"

  • Propane/helium cylinders and tanks
  • Medical waste (needles, plastic catheter bags/tubes)
  • Squeeze tubes for home and personal products (hair, body, etc.)
  • Tools, scrap metal, auto parts
  • Toys
  • Clothes, shoes, carpets, curtains, bedding
  • Small appliances, electronics
  • Cassettes, CDs, DVDs
  • Batteries, car batteries
  • Plastic paint pails (all sizes, with or without metal handles)
  • Plastic pails (with metal handles)
  • Black plastic plant pots and trays (other colours can be recycled)
  • Binders (e.g. three ring), clipboards


Other items that don’t go in the Blue Bin

  • Hazardous waste: propane/helium tanks & cylinders, batteries, compact fluorescent light bulbs (Must not be put in recycling or garbage; take to Drop-off Depot.)
  • Medical waste: needles are hazardous waste (Must not be put in garbage; take to Drop-off Depot.). Plastic catheter/colostomy bags and tubes are garbage.
  • Dryer sheets, baby wipes, make-up pads, cotton tipped swabs, dental floss
  • Hair, pet fur, feathers, wax, wood pieces, cigarette butts, wine corks, vacuum bags/ contents, fireplace and BBQ ashes
  • Plastic: caulking tubes, food storage containers, motor oil jugs, black plant trays, black flower pots, non-disposable plates and drinking glasses, packing peanuts, binders
  • Plastic (bags/wrap): plastic over-wrap (on pop cartons, water bottles, toilet paper), bags holding flyers, dry cleaning, milk (outer and inner), produce, bread, sandwich and plastic food wrap
  • Glass: drinking glasses, dishes, cups, crystal, window glass, light bulbs, mirrors, pottery, pots, pans
  • Metal: scrap metal, coat hangers, pots, pans, small appliances, binders
  • Aluminum: foil food wrap, potato chip bags, metallic gift wrap
  • Other paper products: waxed cardboard, waxed paper. Note: Soiled tissues and napkins go in the Green Bin.
  • Wood: pieces, flooring, crates for fruit

No-No Products

Note: Some of these items can be recycled at a Drop-off Depot or Community Environment Days.

Household Hazardous Waste

Proper disposal of items like propane tanks, batteries, pesticides, oil, etc. means taking these items to a Drop-off Depot. These types of items must never be put in recycling or garbage. View site.

Note: The Toxic Taxi provides free pick-up of 10 to 50 litres/kilograms of HHW materials from Toronto residents. To book an appointment: e-mail or call 311.


Recycling plastics

The ins and outs  

Despite the increased number of recyclable items, there are still some plastic items Toronto can't currently recycle. The wrong item can contaminate the recycling stream, damage equipment and cause workplace injuries. If you don't recycle properly, we can't either.

Top Plastic Bin Sins

These items do not go in recycling:

  • Takeout containers with black bottom or tops (such as for roast chicken)
  • Plastic blister packs
  • Toys
  • Cassettes, CDs and DVDs
  • Plastic pails, plastic paint pails (with metal handles)
  • Plastic over-wrap on pop/water cartons, toilet paper, paper towels

Use the Waste Wizard an online search tool to help you learn what to do with your waste materials.

The mobius loop

Just because an item has a mobius loop mark on it, it doesn't mean it's recyclable everywhere. There has to be a market to take the item, so that's why referring to mobius loops as an indicator of recyclability isn't a good idea.

The number system is misleading - not all are recyclable

Some reasons why the number system doesn't work in identifying recyclable plastics:

  • Plastic products with the same numbers may not be compatible: PET (Polyethylene Terephthalate), shown with #1 symbol, is used in a wide variety of packaging applications from bottles to egg cartons to food trays. Although the base material is PET, the manufacturers can alter the composition depending on the designed end-use. The result is that the various products can no longer be mixed for recycling purposes (e.g. there can be variations in viscosity levels (molecular), they may contain chlorine and/or be coated with silicone or glycol, which are not compatible with the bottle grade PET). To date, we have not been able to find secure markets for the non-bottle grades of PET.
  • A #2 HDPE (High Density Polyethelene) food tub is injection moulded and a #2 HDPE bottle is blow moulded. They both have the same number but one cannot work with the other. We accept both in our program but have two separate markets for these material types.

What plastics the City accepts in recycling:

  • Items must be solely made out of plastic (no metal, wood, etc. parts or content)
  • All plastic jugs and bottles; tubs and their lids
  • Plastic grocery and retail bags (through processing, items will be sorted according to established markets and unwanted items will be removed)

Set out tips for plastic items:

  • No need to flatten jugs, bottles, or tubs
  • Tighten lids on jugs and bottles

Blue Bin (recycling) sizes

Small = 1 blue box

Bin design requires a raised floor to maintain the height required for automated collection.

Approximate dimensions

  • Height: 82.8cm 32.6"
  • Width: 50.3cm 19.8"
  • Depth: 59.2cm 23.3"

Medium = 2 blue boxes

Approximate dimensions

  • Height: 99.4cm 39.1"
  • Width: 51.3cm 20.2"
  • Depth: 58.4cm 23"

Large = 4 blue boxes

Approximate dimensions

  • Height: 103.1cm 40.6"
  • Width: 67.8cm 26.7"
  • Depth: 71.4cm 28.1"

Extra-large = 6 blue boxes

Approximate dimensions

  • Height: 114.6cm 45.1"
  • Width: 72.9cm 28.7"
  • Depth: 85.7cm 33.7"

Recycling (Blue Bin) FAQ

Recycling (Blue Bin) Frequently Asked Questions

The City’s automated Blue Bin collection requires all recycling to fit into your bin.

  • Place overflow (extra) recycling beside your bin but it must be cut to a size that crews can fit back into your emptied Blue Bin – pieces may be bundled or put in clear bags. Using automation, the operator will first empty your full bin and then place overflow in your bin and repeat automated collection (items cannot be manually put into trucks).
  • Avoid overloading. If items are jammed in they might not fall out when bin is tipped.
  • Make sure the lid will close to prevent blowing litter.
  • If your bin is damaged, contact us to have it repaired/replaced.

If you “regularly” have overflow recycling, please upsize your Blue Bin or order an extra Blue Bin free of charge.

To place a service request for free exchange, repair or an extra Blue Bin visit or call 311. For more information, check your collection calendar or visit

The City will pick up additional recycling provided it is put in a clear, plastic bag and placed beside your Blue Bin on the appropriate collection day.

Should collection crews notice a home continually placing extra recycling out, they will pick up the recycling, but will also sticker the Blue Bin notifying the resident to either upsize their bin or get another one to better accommodate their volume of recyclables. Households that continue to regularly put out bagged excess recycling each collection cycle, after receiving the sticker notice, may find their extra recyclables will not be collected. They are asked to either visit or call 311 to request either an additional Blue Bin or a larger size bin at no cost.

There are four size choices for Blue Bins: Small, Medium, Large and Extra-Large.

  • Small Blue Bin = 1 blue box
  • Medium Blue Bin = 2 blue boxes
  • Large Blue Bin = 4 blue boxes
  • Extra-Large Blue Bin = 6 blue boxes

Please place shredded paper in a clear plastic bag, tie closed and put it in your Blue Bin. In order for shredded paper to be recycled properly, it must be contained in a clear plastic bag. Loose shredded paper is too small to travel through the necessary recycling separation machinery at the recycling facility. Staff will remove the clear bag at the appropriate stage of the separation process.

Cardboard should be flattened/broken down and placed in your Blue Bin with the lid closed. In situations where the cardboard will not fit into the Blue Bin ( i.e. as a result of moving or the purchasing of a new appliance), please flatten and bundle the cardboard with string or twine to a maximum dimension of 75x75x30 cm (2x2x1 ft.) otherwise the bundles will not fit into the opening of the truck. You may also take it to a Drop-off Depot.

Related Links

Drop-off Depots

Private car entering a drop-off depot

Drop-off Depots

Dispose of items such as household hazardous waste, propane tanks, electronics, renovation waste, tires, etc. Garbage, recycling and yard waste can be also be dropped off — see a list of accepted items